From The Guardian article:
“Learning a foreign language can increase the size of your brain. ”
“When presented with English words containing either of these sounds (‘l’ and’ r’), brain imaging studies show that only a single region of a Japanese speaker’s brain is activated, whereas in English speakers, two different areas of activation show up, one for each unique sound.
For Japanese speakers, learning to hear and produce the differences between the two phonemes in English requires a rewiring of certain elements of the brain’s circuitry. ”
“We know that people who speak more than one language fluently have better memories and are more cognitively creative and mentally flexible than monolinguals. Canadian studies suggest that Alzheimer’s disease and the onset of dementia are diagnosed later for bilinguals than for monolinguals, meaning that knowing a second language can help us to stay cognitively healthy well into our later years.”

https://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/sep/04/what-happens-to-the-brain-language-learning?CMP=fb_gu

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